With the advancement in information technology, companies have started taking more interest in developing secure web applications. Unfortunately, it is not that easy to figure out the best practices for that purpose. There are certain organizations that offer website application security services, and also conduct reviews on websites to evaluate their security. A highly reputed one among these organizations recently reviewed about 30,000 websites and published a statistical report for the same. According to the report, 86 percent of these websites had one vulnerability at minimum. Most of these vulnerabilities are considered to be serious, An attacker could exploit these loopholes for any of the following:
- Controlling a part of the website, or even the whole website
- Compromising user accounts created on the system
- Gaining access to confidential information
- Violate the requirements for compliance
Although 61 percent of vulnerabilities in websites were eliminated, it took about 193 days for any website application security services company to finish the task, the first notification.
It is obvious that software developers need to add security features to the web application. At the same time, it is necessary for them to focus on creating a secure web application right from the beginning of development phase. Most web applications become vulnerable when developers are not sure which website security services they need to choose. Security is often seen as a trouble rather than responsibility.
Common Practices and Their Effect on Web Application Security Metrics
Some common practices used to secure web applications are as follows:
- Penetration testing, in which an organization tries to evaluate the security of its web application through ethical hacking
- Combining the process of reviewing software codes with static analysis
- Conducting reviews on ad-hoc code of applications that involve high risk
Above mentioned practices have a positive impact on some metrics of web application security. However, these do not have a significant effect on other metrics. Security metrics of one organization can slightly vary from those of another. Number of loopholes, speed at which problems are fixed and percentage of vulnerabilities that get resolved are important metrics for web security. An organization needs to keep a track of these metrics.