HIPAA compliance requires the development of standards to safeguard electronically protected information (e-PHI). Although, according to HIPAA compliance, there is no regulation that explicitly requires vulnerability scanning and penetration testing, however assessing the vulnerabilities of your network and IT assets is essential for understanding the security risks.Therefore, HIPAA compliance does need a risk analysis, which requires testing of security controls. Two significant and important methods for testing security controls are vulnerability scanning and penetration testing.
Penetration testing (also called pen testing) is majorly a manual process. It attempts to exploit any vulnerabilities identified in a network that can be used to gain access to the network. While vulnerability scanning is typically an automated process that identifies any possible security holes in a network.
Unlike in an automated vulnerability scan, the manual hands-on approach in penetration testing allows the tester to probe and launch attacks from a variety of vectors in different conditions within the environment.
Having a pool of developers and testers, Avyaan makes sure that all the steps of penetration testing are thoroughly followed to ensure HIPAA compliance.
Steps Involved in Penetration Testing at Ayvaan
- Scope: Defining the initial scope of testing is the first step of penetration testing and is further divided into two subcategories i.e. Black Box Testing and White Box Testing.
- Planning and Reconnaissance: After the scope of web application penetration testing has been defined, the next step is – planning and reconnaissance in which necessary information is collected about the target from publicly available resources like Google hacking,
- Scanning and Vulnerability Analysis: Avyaan Security researchers do a deep manual analysis of the data that was gathered by various automated tools and find the loopholes in the target.
- Exploitation: The vulnerabilities which were identified in the previous phase are exploited, and the target is penetrated in a secure way so that other critical information is not disclosed or hampered.
- Privilege Escalation: The purpose of privilege escalation is to gain the highest level access to the system, once the target is compromised, local exploits are used to obtain system-level privileges or super-user access.
- Final Report: A detailed document about all the vulnerabilities which were found in the previous phases, exploits details, and POCis created.
For further details contact Avyaan.